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澳门皇家赌场:Linux查看系统硬件音信

发布时间:2019-06-01 14:19编辑:企业邮局浏览(69)

    Linux下基本的查究命令和查阅音讯

    查找命令和硬件音讯查阅是平时系统一管理理、维护最常的操作。上面就 Linux 的中坚查找命令做二个简练的可比,并列举部分常用的硬件音讯查阅命令。

    man 常用选项

    -k 知道功能、不知道名称
    -f 知道名称、不知道功能
    

    各个找寻命令相比

    whereis 查找命令的可执行文件、源文件、man page路径
    whatis 读取命令的描述
    apropos 基于功能的查找
    which 找出将要运行的命令的版本
    locate 搜索文件名数据库
    find 根据指定的查询条件搜索文件
    find . -type f | grep -i blas
    fidn . -type f -name "*.a" | grep -i blas
    lsb_release -a 查看系统版本
    alias 查看所有别名
    ls -lh 按k、m、g查看文件
    

    翻看硬件音信

    GPU信息

    查看mic卡信息

    sudo micinfo
    

    查看gpu信息

    sudo nvidia-smi
    

    怎么着在Linux/centos下查看网卡型号,怎样查看主板型号,CPU/显卡音讯,硬盘型号等硬件音信

    查看网卡型号

    [[email protected]]# lspci | grep Ethernet
    00:19.0 Ethernet controller: Intel Corporation 82567V-2 Gigabit Network Connection
    

    翻看内部存款和储蓄器和cpu最直接最常用的下令:

    [[email protected]]# free
    total used free shared buffers cached
    Mem: 3069504 528876 2540628 0 76648 396152
    -/  buffers/cache: 56076 3013428
    Swap: 5124692 0 5124692
    [[email protected]]# cat /proc/cpuinfo
    processor : 0
    vendor_id : GenuineIntel
    cpu family : 6
    model : 23
    model name : Pentium(R) Dual-Core CPU E6500 @ 2.93GHz
    stepping : 10
    cpu MHz : 1596.000
    cache size : 2048 KB
    

    翻开硬盘音讯(查看硬盘型号和硬盘系列号):

    [[email protected]]# df -h
    Filesystem Size Used Avail Use% Mounted on
    /dev/sda5 2.0G 272M 1.6G 15% /
    /dev/sda8 199G 188M 189G 1% /home
    /dev/sda3 9.7G 1.3G 7.9G 15% /usr
    /dev/sda2 9.7G 198M 9.0G 3% /var
    /dev/sda1 99M 17M 77M 18% /boot
    

    方法1:

    [[email protected]]# hdparm -i /dev/sda
    /dev/sda:
    Model=SAMSUNG HE253GJ , FwRev=1AJ30001, SerialNo= S2B5J90ZC12060
    Config={ Fixed }
    RawCHS=16383/16/63, TrkSize=0, SectSize=0, ECCbytes=4
    BuffType=unknown, BuffSize=16384kB, MaxMultSect=16, MultSect=?16?
    CurCHS=16383/16/63, CurSects=16514064, LBA=yes, LBAsects=268435455
    IORDY=on/off, tPIO={min:120,w/IORDY:120}, tDMA={min:120,rec:120}
    PIO modes: pio0 pio1 pio2 pio3 pio4
    DMA modes: mdma0 mdma1 mdma2
    UDMA modes: udma0 udma1 udma2
    AdvancedPM=yes: disabled (255) WriteCache=enabled
    Drive conforms to: unknown: ATA/ATAPI-0 ATA/ATAPI-1 ATA/ATAPI-2 ATA/ATAPI-3 ATA/ATAPI-4 ATA/ATAPI-5 ATA/ATAPI-6 ATA/ATAPI-7
    * signifies the current active mode
    

    方法2:

    [[email protected]]# dmesg | grep ATA
    ata1: SATA max UDMA/133 cmd 0xf190 ctl 0xf180 bmdma 0xf150 irq 185
    ata2: SATA max UDMA/133 cmd 0xf170 ctl 0xf160 bmdma 0xf158 irq 185
    ata1: SATA link up 3.0 Gbps (SStatus 123 SControl 300)
    ata1.00: ATA-8: SAMSUNG HE253GJ, 1AJ30001, max UDMA/133
    ata2: SATA link down (SStatus 0 SControl 300)
    Vendor: ATA Model: SAMSUNG HE253GJ Rev: 1AJ3
    ata3: SATA max UDMA/133 cmd 0xf130 ctl 0xf120 bmdma 0xf0f0 irq 185
    ata4: SATA max UDMA/133 cmd 0xf110 ctl 0xf100 bmdma 0xf0f8 irq 185
    ata3: SATA link down (SStatus 0 SControl 300)
    ata4: SATA link down (SStatus 0 SControl 300)
    ata5: PATA max UDMA/100 cmd 0xe040 ctl 0xe030 bmdma 0xe000 irq 177
    
    [[email protected]]# dmidecode|more
    # dmidecode 2.10
    SMBIOS 2.4 present.
    57 structures occupying 2318 bytes.
    Table at 0x000E84B0.
    Handle 0x0000, DMI type 0, 24 bytes
    BIOS Information
    Vendor: Intel Corp.
    Version: GTG4310H.86A.0019.2009.0625.1334
    Release Date: 06/25/2009
    

    澳门皇家赌场 1


    查找命令和硬件音信查阅是平日系统一管理理、维护最常的操作。上面就 Linux 的焦点查找命令做二个简短的比...

    获得 Linux 系统音讯

    Inix 不加任何取舍就能够出口下边包车型客车新闻:CPU 、内核、开机时间长度、内部存款和储蓄器大小、硬盘大小、进度数、登入终端以及 Inxi 版本。

    1. $ inxi
    2. CPU~Dual core IntelCore i5-4210U(-HT-MCP-) speed/max~2164/2700MHzKernel~4.4.0-21-generic x86_64 Up~3:15Mem~3122.0/7879.9MB HDD~1000.2GB(20.0% used)Procs~234Client~Shell inxi~2.2.35

     

    Linux查看系统硬件消息

    下边介绍下在centos下硬件音讯的查阅,在Linux下查看须要使用各个吩咐,不像Windows上得以十二分直观地看来。

    翻开全数硬件的音讯

    1)dmidecode

    2)dmesg

    Dmidecode那款软件允许你在Linux 系统下得到有关硬件方面包车型客车消息。Dmidecode 恪守 SMBIOS/DMI 标准,其出口的音信包含BIOS、系统、主板、管理器、内部存款和储蓄器、缓存等等。

    貌似非常少用那三个指令直接查看,因为那五个指令输出的新闻充足多。一般会采纳管道过滤出多要求的音信举行查看或透过-t选用钦赐的硬件查看音讯。比方:

    [[email protected]~]``#dmidecode|grep-icpu````SocketDesignation:CPU1````Version:Intel(R)Core(TM)[email protected]````InternalReferenceDesignator:J2B3-CPUFAN````Description:CPUInternalTemperature

    查阅当前系统的本子,假若redhat,则查看的文本是/etc/redhat-release

    [[email protected]~]``#cat/etc/centos-release``CentOSrelease6.5(Final)

    查阅当前系统是三二十一个人还是6二个人的

    [[email protected]~]``#getconfLONG_BIT``64

    CPU

    ①)通过lscpu查看cpu的总计音讯

    [[email protected]~]``#lscpu``Architecture:x86_64``#cpu架构``CPU``op``-mode(s):32-bit,64-bit``ByteOrder:LittleEndian``CPU(s):4``#逻辑cpu数``On-lineCPU(s)list:0-3``Thread(s)percore:2``#每个核心支持2个线程``Core(s)persocket:2``#每颗cpu两个核心``Socket(s):1``#总共一颗cpu``NUMAnode(s):1``VendorID:GenuineIntel``#cpu生产厂商``CPUfamily:6``Model:42``Stepping:7``CPUMHz:800.000``BogoMIPS:4589.75``Virtualization:VT-x``#支持cpu虚拟化技术``L1dcache:32K``L1icache:32K``L2cache:256K``#2级缓存``L3cache:3072K``#3级缓存``NUMAnode0CPU(s):0-3

    二)/proc/cpuinfo文件中得以看来cpu的型号和最高频率

    [[email protected]~]``#cat/proc/cpuinfo``processor :0``vendor_id :GenuineIntel``cpufamily :6``model :42``modelname :Intel(R)Core(TM)[email protected]``stepping :7``cpuMHz :800.000``cachesize :3072KB``......

    3)也足以经过dmicecode命令通过-t选项内定cpu类型来查看(有更详细的消息)

    [[email protected]~]``#dmidecode-tprocessor``#dmidecode2.11``SMBIOS2.6present.``Handle0x0004,DMI``type``4,42bytes``ProcessorInformation````SocketDesignation:CPU1````Type:CentralProcessor````Family:Corei5````Manufacturer:Intel````ID:A7060200FFFBEBBF````Signature:Type0,Family6,Model42,Stepping7````Flags:````FPU(Floating-pointuniton-chip)````VME(Virtualmodeextension)````DE(Debuggingextension)````PSE(Pagesizeextension)````TSC(Timestampcounter)````MSR(Modelspecificregisters)````PAE(Physicaladdressextension)````MCE(Machinecheckexception)````CX8(CMPXCHG8instructionsupported)````APIC(On-chipAPIChardwaresupported)````SEP(Fastsystemcall)````MTRR(Memory``type``rangeregisters)````PGE(Pageglobal``enable``)````MCA(Machinecheckarchitecture)````CMOV(Conditionalmoveinstructionsupported)````PAT(Pageattributetable)````PSE-36(36-bitpagesizeextension)````CLFSH(CLFLUSHinstructionsupported)````DS(Debugstore)````ACPI(ACPIsupported)````MMX(MMXtechnologysupported)````FXSR(FXSAVEandFXSTORinstructionssupported)````SSE(StreamingSIMDextensions)````SSE2(StreamingSIMDextensions2)````SS(Self-snoop)````HTT(Multi-threading)````TM(Thermalmonitorsupported)````PBE(Pending``break``enabled)````Version:Intel(R)Core(TM)[email protected]````Voltage:1.1V````ExternalClock:100MHz````MaxSpeed:2300MHz````CurrentSpeed:2300MHz````Status:Populated,Enabled````Upgrade:Other````L1CacheHandle:0x0005````L2CacheHandle:0x0006````L3CacheHandle:0x0007````SerialNumber:ToBeFilledByO.E.M.````AssetTag:ToBeFilledByO.E.M.````PartNumber:ToBeFilledByO.E.M.````CoreCount:2````CoreEnabled:1````ThreadCount:2````Characteristics:````64-bitcapable

    内存

    查阅内部存款和储蓄器景况

    1)

    [[email protected]~]``#free-m````totalused``free``sharedbufferscached``Mem:3739224351401579``-/ buffers``/cache``:1293609``Swap:409504095

    2)

    [[email protected]~]``#cat/proc/meminfo``MemTotal:3828868kB``MemFree:3599240kB``Buffers:16096kB``Cached:80956kB``SwapCached:0kB``Active:44676kB``Inactive:74332kB``Active(anon):22288kB``Inactive(anon):424kB``Active(``file``):22388kB``Inactive(``file``):73908kB``......

    三)通过dmicecode命令通过-t选项钦命memory来查看

    [[email protected]~]``#dmidecode-tmemory``#dmidecode2.11``SMBIOS2.6present.``Handle0x001D,DMI``type``16,15bytes``PhysicalMemoryArray````Location:SystemBoardOrMotherboard````Use:SystemMemory````ErrorCorrectionType:None````MaximumCapacity:16GB````ErrorInformationHandle:NotProvided````NumberOfDevices:2``Handle0x001E,DMI``type``17,28bytes``MemoryDevice````ArrayHandle:0x001D````ErrorInformationHandle:0x0000````TotalWidth:Unknown````DataWidth:Unknown````Size:NoModuleInstalled````FormFactor:DIMM````Set:None````Locator:DIMM_A````BankLocator:BANK0````Type:Unknown````TypeDetail:None````Speed:Unknown````Manufacturer:NotSpecified````SerialNumber:NotSpecified````AssetTag:NotSpecified````PartNumber:NotSpecified````Rank:Unknown``Handle0x001F,DMI``type``17,28bytes``MemoryDevice````ArrayHandle:0x001D````ErrorInformationHandle:0x0000````TotalWidth:64bits````DataWidth:64bits````Size:4096MB````FormFactor:SODIMM````Set:None````Locator:DIMM_B````BankLocator:BANK2````Type:DDR3````TypeDetail:Synchronous````Speed:1333MHz````Manufacturer:80CE````SerialNumber:21255F39````AssetTag:01112100````PartNumber:M471B5273DH0-CH9````Rank:Unknown

    地点显示了最大扶助的内部存款和储蓄器大小:1陆G,壹共有三个内部存储器插槽,用了二个。以及内部存款和储蓄器的详细音讯,包罗内部存款和储蓄器类型,位宽,大小,频率.......

    磁盘

    [[email protected]~]``#lsblk``NAMEMAJ:MINRMSIZEROTYPEMOUNTPOINT``sda8:00465.8G0disk``├─sda18:10200M0part``/boot``├─sda28:2030G0part``/usr``├─sda38:305G0part/``├─sda48:401K0part``├─sda58:5050G0part``/data``├─sda68:6030G0part``/usr/local``├─sda78:7020G0part``/var``├─sda88:8010G0part``/home``├─sda98:9010G0part``/tmp``└─sda108:1004G0part[SWAP]``sr011:011024M0rom

    能够看出种种分区的尺寸及挂载景况,比较直观,若要观察某些分区上的文件系统情状,可采纳tune二fs -l /dev/sdax,当然那个不是硬件品级的查看了。

    [[email protected]~]``#tune2fs-l/dev/sda5``tune2fs1.41.12(17-May-2010)``Filesystemvolumename:<none>``Lastmountedon:<notavailable>``FilesystemUUID:273a5dca-3d41-47e0-b48b-ebd7a1ae98ed``Filesystemmagicnumber:0xEF53``Filesystemrevision``#:1(dynamic)``Filesystemfeatures:has_journalext_attrresize_inodedir_indexfiletypeneeds_recoveryextentflex_bgsparse_superlarge_filehuge_fileuninit_bgdir_nlinkextra_isize``Filesystemflags:signed_directory_hash``Default``mount``options:user_xattracl``Filesystemstate:clean``......

    若要查看更详实的硬盘和分区音信:

    [[email protected]~]``#fdisk-l``Disk``/dev/sda``:500.1GB,500107862016bytes``255heads,63sectors``/track``,60801cylinders``Units=cylindersof16065*512=8225280bytes``Sectorsize(logical``/physical``):512bytes/512bytes``I``/O``size(minimum``/optimal``):512bytes/512bytes``Diskidentifier:0x00032c3d````DeviceBootStartEndBlocksIdSystem``/dev/sda1``*12620480083Linux``Partition1doesnotendoncylinderboundary.``/dev/sda2``2639423145728083Linux``/dev/sda3``39424595524288083Linux``/dev/sda4``4595608024514805765Extended``/dev/sda5``4595111225242880083Linux``/dev/sda6``11123150393145728083Linux``/dev/sda7``15039176502097152083Linux``/dev/sda8``17650189551048576083Linux``/dev/sda9``18955202611048576083Linux``/dev/sda10``2026120783419430482Linuxswap/Solaris

    查阅各分区的应用状态:

    [[email protected]~]``#df-h``FilesystemSizeUsedAvailUse%Mountedon``/dev/sda3``5.0G377M4.4G8%/``tmpfs1.9G01.9G0%``/dev/shm``/dev/sda1``194M31M153M17%``/boot``/dev/sda5``50G775M46G2%``/data``/dev/sda8``9.9G151M9.2G2%``/home``/dev/sda9``9.9G151M9.2G2%``/tmp``/dev/sda2``30G5.0G24G18%``/usr``/dev/sda6``30G173M28G1%``/usr/local``/dev/sda7``20G2.3G17G12%``/var

    网卡

    因此lspci查看pci设备,通过管道过滤就能够找到网卡音信

    [[email protected]~]``#lspci|grep-inet``05:00.0Ethernetcontroller:RealtekSemiconductorCo.,Ltd.RTL8101E``/RTL8102E``PCIExpressFastEthernetcontroller(rev05)``09:00.0Networkcontroller:IntelCorporationCentrinoWireless-N1030[RainbowPeak](rev34)

    Ethernet controller是有线网卡,Network controller是有线网卡。

    能够用ethtool命令查看有个别网络接口的详细音信

    [[email protected]~]``#ethtoolp1p1``Settings``for``p1p1:````Supportedports:[TPMII]````Supportedlinkmodes:10baseT``/Half``10baseT``/Full````100baseT``/Half``100baseT``/Full````Supportedpauseframeuse:No````Supportsauto-negotiation:Yes````Advertisedlinkmodes:10baseT``/Half``10baseT``/Full````100baseT``/Half``100baseT``/Full````Advertisedpauseframeuse:SymmetricReceive-only````Advertisedauto-negotiation:Yes````Linkpartneradvertisedlinkmodes:10baseT``/Half``10baseT``/Full````100baseT``/Half``100baseT``/Full````Linkpartneradvertisedpauseframeuse:Symmetric````Linkpartneradvertisedauto-negotiation:Yes````Speed:100Mb``/s````Duplex:Full````Port:MII````PHYAD:0````Transceiver:internal````Auto-negotiation:on````SupportsWake-on:pumbg````Wake-on:g````Currentmessagelevel:0x00000033(51)````drvprobeifdownifup````Linkdetected:``yes

    拉长-i可查看网卡驱动:

    [[email protected]~]``#ethtool-ip1p1``driver:r8169``#这个就是驱动程序``version:2.3LK-NAPI``firmware-version:rtl_nic``/rtl8105e-1``.fw``bus-info:0000:05:00.0``supports-statistics:``yes``supports-``test``:no``supports-eeprom-access:no``supports-register-dump:``yes``supports-priv-flags:no

    若要查看全部的网络接口(ip link show,ifocnfig -a):

    [[email protected]~]``#iplinkshow``1:lo:<LOOPBACK,UP,LOWER_UP>mtu16436qdiscnoqueuestateUNKNOWN````link``/loopback``00:00:00:00:00:00brd00:00:00:00:00:00``2:p1p1:<BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP>mtu1500qdiscpfifo_faststateUPqlen1000````link``/ether``18:03:73:66:66:eebrdff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff``3:wlan0:<NO-CARRIER,BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP>mtu1500qdiscmqstateDOWNqlen1000````link``/ether``ac:72:89:04:ea:84brdff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff

    [[email protected]~]``#ifconfig``br0Linkencap:EthernetHWaddr18:03:73:66:66:EE````inetaddr:192.168.0.165Bcast:192.168.0.255Mask:255.255.255.0````inet6addr:fe80::1a03:73ff:fe66:66ee``/64``Scope:Link``.......

    查阅全部pci设备音讯(-v[详细新闻]澳门皇家赌场,,-vv[更详细信息]):

    [[email protected]~]``#lspci``00:00.0Hostbridge:IntelCorporation2ndGenerationCoreProcessorFamilyDRAMController(rev09)``#主板芯片``00:01.0PCIbridge:IntelCorporationXeonE3-1200``/2nd``GenerationCoreProcessorFamilyPCIExpressRootPort(rev09)``00:02.0VGAcompatiblecontroller:IntelCorporation2ndGenerationCoreProcessorFamilyIntegratedGraphicsController(rev09)``00:16.0Communicationcontroller:IntelCorporation6Series``/C200``SeriesChipsetFamilyMEIController``#1(rev04)``00:1a.0USBcontroller:IntelCorporation6Series``/C200``SeriesChipsetFamilyUSBEnhancedHostController``#2(rev05)#usb控制器``00:1b.0Audiodevice:IntelCorporation6Series``/C200``SeriesChipsetFamilyHighDefinitionAudioController(rev05)``#声卡``00:1c.0PCIbridge:IntelCorporation6Series``/C200``SeriesChipsetFamilyPCIExpressRootPort1(revb5)``#pci插槽``00:1c.1PCIbridge:IntelCorporation6Series``/C200``SeriesChipsetFamilyPCIExpressRootPort2(revb5)``00:1c.3PCIbridge:IntelCorporation6Series``/C200``SeriesChipsetFamilyPCIExpressRootPort4(revb5)``00:1c.4PCIbridge:IntelCorporation6Series``/C200``SeriesChipsetFamilyPCIExpressRootPort5(revb5)``00:1c.7PCIbridge:IntelCorporation6Series``/C200``SeriesChipsetFamilyPCIExpressRootPort8(revb5)``00:1d.0USBcontroller:IntelCorporation6Series``/C200``SeriesChipsetFamilyUSBEnhancedHostController``#1(rev05)``00:1f.0ISAbridge:IntelCorporationHM67ExpressChipsetFamilyLPCController(rev05)``00:1f.2SATAcontroller:IntelCorporation6Series``/C200``SeriesChipsetFamily6portSATAAHCIController(rev05)``#硬盘接口``00:1f.3SMBus:IntelCorporation6Series``/C200``SeriesChipsetFamilySMBusController(rev05)``01:00.0VGAcompatiblecontroller:NVIDIACorporationGF108M[GeForceGT525M](reva1)``#显卡``01:00.1Audiodevice:NVIDIACorporationGF108HighDefinitionAudioController(reva1)``#声卡``05:00.0Ethernetcontroller:RealtekSemiconductorCo.,Ltd.RTL8101E``/RTL8102E``PCIExpressFastEthernetcontroller(rev05)``#有线网卡``09:00.0Networkcontroller:IntelCorporationCentrinoWireless-N1030[RainbowPeak](rev34)``#无线网卡``0b:00.0USBcontroller:NECCorporationuPD720200USB3.0HostController(rev04)

    [[email protected]~]``#dmidecode-taf``Invalid``type``keyword:af``Valid``type``keywordsare:````bios````system````baseboard````chassis````processor````memory````cache````connector````slot

    也得以经过dmidecode命令钦定地点的这个硬件来查阅相关新闻!!!

    下边介绍下在centos下硬件消息的查看,在Linux下查看要求利用种种吩咐,不像Windows上能够充足直观地收看。 查看全数...

    收获硬盘消息

    使用 -D 选项查看硬盘音信(大小、ID、型号):

    1. $ inxi -D
    2. Drives: HDD TotalSize:1000.2GB(20.0% used) ID-1:/dev/sda model: ST1000LM024_HN size:1000.2GB

     

    赢得简要的系统音讯

    使用 -b 选项展现上述音讯的简短系统消息:

    1. $ inxi -b
    2. System:Host:TecMintKernel:4.4.0-21-generic x86_64 (64 bit)Desktop:Cinnamon3.0.7
    3. Distro:LinuxMint18Sarah
    4. Machine:System: LENOVO (portable) product:20354 v:Lenovo Z50-70
    5. Mobo: LENOVO model:Lancer5A5 v:31900059WINBios: LENOVO v:9BCN26WWdate:07/31/2014
    6. CPU:Dual core IntelCore i5-4210U(-HT-MCP-) speed/max:2018/2700MHz
    7. Graphics:Card-1:IntelHaswell-ULT IntegratedGraphicsController
    8. Card-2: NVIDIA GM108M [GeForce840M]
    9. DisplayServer: X.Org1.18.4 drivers: intel (unloaded: fbdev,vesa)Resolution:1920x1080@60.05hz
    10. GLX Renderer:Mesa DRI IntelHaswellMobile GLX Version:3.0Mesa11.2.0
    11. Network:Card-1:Realtek RTL8111/8168/8411 PCI ExpressGigabitEthernetController driver: r8169
    12. Card-2:Realtek RTL8723BE PCIeWirelessNetworkAdapter driver: rtl8723be
    13. Drives: HDD TotalSize:1000.2GB(20.0% used)
    14. Info:Processes:233Uptime:3:23Memory:3137.5/7879.9MBClient:Shell(bash) inxi:2.2.35

     

    Inxi 工具的骨干用法

    用上面包车型大巴着力用法获取系统和硬件的详细音信。

     

    选拔 Inxi 能够很轻松的获取具备的硬件音讯:硬盘、声卡、显卡、网卡、CPU 和 RAM 等。同一时候也能够赢得大批量的操作系统新闻,例如硬件驱动、Xorg 、桌面遭遇、内核、GCC 版本,进度,开机时间和内部存款和储蓄器等新闻。

    获取硬盘分区音信

    使用 -p 选项输出完整的硬盘分区新闻,包含每种分区的分区大小、已用空间、可用空间、文件系统以及文件系统类型。

    1. $ inxi -p
    2. Partition: ID-1:/ size: 324G used: 183G (60%) fs: ext4 dev: /dev/sda10
    3. ID-2: swap-1size:4.00GB used:0.00GB(0%) fs: swap dev:/dev/sda9

     

    督察网络设施

    下边包车型大巴授命会列出网卡音信,包涵接口新闻、网络频率、mac 地址、网卡状态和互连网 IP 等消息。

    1. $ inxi -Nni
    2. Network:Card-1:Realtek RTL8111/8168/8411 PCI ExpressGigabitEthernetController driver: r8169
    3. IF: enp1s0 state: up speed:100Mbps duplex: full mac:28:d2:44:eb:bd:98
    4. Card-2:Realtek RTL8723BE PCIeWirelessNetworkAdapter driver: rtl8723be
    5. IF: wlp2s0 state: down mac:38:b1:db:7c:78:c7
    6. WAN IP:111.91.115.195 IF: wlp2s0 ip-v4: N/A
    7. IF: enp1s0 ip-v4:192.168.0.103

     

    在 Linux 系统上安装 Inxi

    大部主流 Linux 发行版的仓库中都有 Inxi ,包蕴超越50% BSD 系统。

    1. $ sudoapt-get install inxi [OnDebian/Ubuntu/LinuxMint]
    2. $ sudoyum install inxi [OnCentOS/RHEL/Fedora]
    3. $ sudo dnf install inxi [OnFedora22 ]

    在采纳 Inxi 从前,用上边包车型客车命令查看 Inxi 全体重视和推荐的施用,以及各类目录,并展现供给设置哪些包来支撑加以的法力。

    1. $ inxi --recommends

    Inxi 的输出:

    1. inxi will now begin checking for the programs it needs to operate.First a check of the main languages and tools
    2. inxi uses.Pythonis only for debugging data collection.
    3. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    4. Bash version:4.3.42(1)-release
    5. Gawk version:4.1.3,
    6. Sed version:
    7. Sudo version:1.8.16
    8. Python version:2.7.12
    9. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    10. TestOne:RequiredSystemDirectories(LinuxOnly).
    11. If one of these system directories is missing, inxi cannot operate:
    12. /proc.......................................................................Present
    13. /sys........................................................................Present
    14. All the directories are present.
    15. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    16. TestTwo:RequiredCoreApplications.
    17. If one of these applications is missing, inxi cannot operate:
    18. df(info: partition data).................................................../bin/df
    19. gawk(info: core tool)....................................................../usr/bin/gawk
    20. grep(info: string search)................................................../bin/grep
    21. lspci (info: hardware data)................................................./usr/bin/lspci
    22. ps(info: process data)...................................................../bin/ps
    23. readlink..................................................................../bin/readlink
    24. sed(info: string replace)................................................../bin/sed
    25. tr(info: character replace)................................................/usr/bin/tr
    26. uname(info: kernel data).................................................../bin/uname
    27. wc(info: word character count)............................................./usr/bin/wc
    28. All the applications are present.
    29. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    30. TestThree:ScriptRecommendsforGraphicsFeatures.
    31. NOTE:If you donotuse X these donot matter (like a headless server).Otherwise,if one of these applications
    32. is missing, inxi will have incomplete output:
    33. glxinfo (info:-G glx info)................................................./usr/bin/glxinfo
    34. xdpyinfo (info:-G multi screen resolution)................................./usr/bin/xdpyinfo
    35. xprop (info:-S desktop data).............................................../usr/bin/xprop
    36. xrandr (info:-G single screen resolution)................................../usr/bin/xrandr
    37. All the applications are present.
    38. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    39. TestFour:ScriptRecommendsforRemainingFeatures.
    40. If one of these applications is missing, inxi will have incomplete output:
    41. dig (info:-i first wlan ipdefaulttest).................................../usr/bin/dig
    42. dmidecode (info:-M ifno sys machine data;-m memory)....................../usr/sbin/dmidecode
    43. file(info:-o unmounted file system)......................................./usr/bin/file
    44. hciconfig (info:-n -i bluetooth data)....................................../bin/hciconfig
    45. hddtemp (info:-Dx show hdd temp).........................................../usr/sbin/hddtemp
    46. ifconfig(info:-i ip lan-deprecated)......................................./sbin/ifconfig
    47. ip(info:-i ip lan)......................................................../sbin/ip
    48. sensors (info:-s sensors output).........................................../usr/bin/sensors
    49. strings(info:-I sysvinit version)........................................./usr/bin/strings
    50. lsusb (info:-A usb audio;-N usb networking)................................/usr/bin/lsusb
    51. modinfo (info:-Ax,-Nxmodule version)....................................../sbin/modinfo
    52. runlevel(info:-I runlevel)................................................/sbin/runlevel
    53. sudo(info:-Dx hddtemp-user;-o file-user)................................../usr/bin/sudo
    54. uptime(info:-I uptime(check which package owns Debian))................../usr/bin/uptime
    55. All the applications are present.
    56. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    57. TestFive:ScriptRecommendsforRemainingFeatures.
    58. One of these downloaders needed for options -i/-w/-W (-U/-![11-15],if supported):
    59. wget(info:-i wan ip;-w/-W;-U/-![11-15](if supported)).................../usr/bin/wget
    60. curl (info:-i wan ip;-w/-W;-U/-![11-15](if supported)).................../usr/bin/curl
    61. All the applications are present.
    62. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    63. TestSix:SystemDirectoriesforVariousInformation.
    64. (Unless otherwise noted, these are for GNU/Linux systems)
    65. If one of these directories is missing, inxi may have incomplete output:
    66. /sys/class/dmi/id(info:-M system, motherboard, bios)......................Present
    67. /dev (info:-l,-u,-o,-p,-P,-D disk partition data)..........................Present
    68. /dev/disk/by-label (info:-l,-o,-p,-P partition labels).....................Present
    69. /dev/disk/by-uuid (info:-u,-o,-p,-P partition uuid)........................Present
    70. All the directories are present.
    71. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    72. TestSeven:SystemFilesforVariousInformation.
    73. (Unless otherwise noted, these are for GNU/Linux systems)
    74. If one of these files is missing, inxi may have incomplete output:
    75. /proc/asound/cards (info:-A sound card data)...............................Present
    76. /proc/asound/version (info:-A ALSA data)...................................Present
    77. /proc/cpuinfo (info:-C cpu data)...........................................Present
    78. /etc/lsb-release (info:-S distro version data [deprecated])................Present
    79. /proc/mdstat (info:-R mdraid data).........................................Present
    80. /proc/meminfo (info:-I memory data)........................................Present
    81. /etc/os-release (info:-S distro version data)..............................Present
    82. /proc/partitions (info:-p,-P partitions data)..............................Present
    83. /proc/modules (info:-G module data)........................................Present
    84. /proc/mounts (info:-P,-p partition advanced data)..........................Present
    85. /var/run/dmesg.boot (info:-D,-d disk data [BSD only])......................Missing
    86. /proc/scsi/scsi (info:-D Advanced hard disk data [used rarely])............Present
    87. /var/log/Xorg.0.log(info:-G graphics driver load status)..................Present
    88. The following files are missing from your system:
    89. File:/var/run/dmesg.boot
    90. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    91. All tests completed.

     

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